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Chhattisgarh Telecom Circle – an integral part of Madhya Pradesh Telecom Service area came into being after creation of the State of Chhattisgarh. The structural field manifestation of the New Telecom Policy-99 i.e., the “Controller of Communications Accounts”, Chhattisgarh in the state was constituted in 2002 to deliver the assurances of Government of India to all its stake holders i.e., the employees of erstwhile DoT/DTS/DTO who have joined the corporate entity “Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited”, the new Licensees who are operating in the Telecom Service area, the Universal Service Providers who are developing the Telecom network in the rural and remote areas of the state and above all the ultimate beneficiaries; the people of Chhattisgarh. The O/o Controller of Communication Accounts in Chhattisgarh has been mandated to deal with the following subjects in the Circle

The Controller of Communication Accounts is the field manifestation of assurances extended to the employees of erstwhile Department of Telecom, Department of Telecom Services & Department of Telecom Operations whose operational functions got corporatized in October 2000 and the employees were absorbed in the corporate entity. The CCS (Pension) Rules -1972 was amended and a new rule specifically Rule – 37 A was promulgated inorder to convert the assurance of Govt. of India into reality. The mandate to CCAs in this regard involves budgeting, drawal & disbursal of pensionary benefits to the employees of BSNL and DoT establishments as well as realization of Pension Contribution and Leave Salary Contribution from BSNL Circles. The Chhattisgarh Telecom Accounting Circle was created in 2002 by bifurcating the accounting functions of Madhya Pradesh Circls and since then CCA, Chhattisgarh has been collecting PC & LSC from BSNL Chhattisgarh Circls and was preparing all pensionary documents of the retired personnel of BSNL Chhattisgarh Circle till December 2009 when it was authorized to directly disburse pension through post offices and PSU banks in Chhattisgarh.

Pension Audit
CCA, Chhattisgarh was not authorized to issue PPOs to the disbursing units till December 2009 which was being carried out by CCA, Madhya Prades i.e. the Parent Circle and hence, pension vouching/audit was conducted at Bhopal for all the pension disbursed in the post offices and banks in Chhattisgarh. The mechanism was reviewed by DoT Hqtrs. in view of the representations received from many retired employees/pensioners settled in Chhattisgarh. The accounting separation for settlement of terminal benefit cases between MP Telecom Accounting Circle and Chhattisgarh Circle was effected in January 2010 and since then the Auditing Process of Pension Vouchers for Chhattisgarh Circle has been shifted to CCA, Chhattisgarh.

Telecom Revenue
The Indian Telegraph Act 1885 authorizes Govt. of India to establish maintain & operate telecommunication services in India with exclusive privilege to transfer the authority by way of granting licenses on such terms & conditions and in consideration of such payments to any other entity in Indian territory. The exclusive privilege of operating telecom services in India was enjoyed by Govt. of India directly through Department of Telecommunication under Ministry of Communications. The economic reforms process set in 1991, the technological advancements specifically introduction of mobile telephony in world telecom scenario and the financial resources required to upgrade the National Telecom Network to World Standard necessitated liberalization and private participation in Telecom Sector in India. The National Telecom Policy-1994 was thus formulated to ensure availability of telephones on demand, provision of world class services at reasonable & affordable prices and Universal availability of Basic Telecom Services in all villages, with involvement of private sector to bridge the resources gap. The Telecom License regime which started in 1992 as a part of liberalization process has broken the earlier Govt. monopoly in providing Telecommunication Services in the country when the services were opened for private investment in cellular mobile telephony, radio paging, electronic mail and voice mail serices, data services, audito & video text services and video conferencing in 1994. The NTP-1994 was further replaced by a new Telecom Ploicy-1999 bringing in a revenue share regime in which the Telecom Service providers have been authorized to provide Telecom Service in the selected service areas by paying a specific percentage of their earnings as revenue share to Govt. of India. Chhattisgarh Circle has been mandated to collect the revenue share from the following Telecom Service providers:- (1) M/s RCL (2) M/s RTL (3) M/s Vodafone (4) M/s Loop (5) M/s Sistema Shyam & (6) M/s Unitech. The mandate to collect revenue share also involves verification of documents submitted by the TSP against deduction claims and provisional assessment of spectrum charges their upon.

USO Subsidy
New Telecom Policy-1999 ushered in a new Era in Telecom Sector in India by re-orienting the countours of rural Telecom development which hitherto was restricted either to provision of Long distance Public Telephones (LDPTs), Gram Panchayat telephones (GPTs) or Village Public telephones (VPTs) by Government or providing a compensatory tariff structure for the rural Telecom subscribers. The primary concern of the Government to make available telecom facilities to the rural & remote areas at an affordable price by providing at least a public telephone facility in each revenue village had encountered sea-changes with the entry of new sevice providers and introduction of new technologies in the Sector. The basic thrust on rural telecom development shifted from maintaining an obligatory service by Government in each revenue village as “service provider” to creating a sustainable rural telecom market with enchanced rural teledensity thereby changing the role of Government as “facilitator of development”. The most remarkable ingredient of the multifocal NTP-99 was an “universal service support policy” and provision for an institutional arrangement for ensuring uniform development of telecom network in the rural & remote areas of the country through subsidy support to the telecom service providers, financial resources for which is being arranged from the license fee collected from all the telecom service providers. The Indian Telegraph Act 1885 was thus amended in 2003 alongwith the Indian Telephone rules 1951. The modified Indian telegraph Act i.e. Indian Telegraph (Amendment) Act-2003 and the Indian telegraph (Amendment) Rules 2004 prescribed the basic frame work and defined the structural manifestation of Universal Service Obligation Fund (Rule-523 & 524), the scope of support to be provided from Universal Service Obligation fund (Rule-525) and the criteria for selection of Universal Service Provider (Rule-526). Initially, it was decided to extend financial support from USOF to the Universal Service Providers to compensate the Net cost of providing telecom services in the following streams:-

1. Stream-I-Provision of Public Access facilities

2. Stream-II-Provision of Individual Access facilities In accordance with the recommendations of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, several schemes were designed under the two streams and implementation of the schemes were opened to all Telecom Service Providers justifying the multi-operator regime. The telecom service providers who had been selected through multi-layered biddings to provide telecom services in the rural & remote areas were christened as Universal Service Providers (USPs) and were authorized to receive subsidy support for implementing the devised USO schemes for developing a sustainable rural telecom market. The following agreements were signed by USOFA with different Telecom Service providers under the subsidy scheme in Chhattisgarh:-

1. Agreement No.30-101/2002-USF dated 28.03.2003 with M/s. BSNL for operation & Maintenance of VPTs (OPEX)

2. Agreement No.30-107/2002-USF dated 25.09.2003 with M/s. BSNL for replacement of MARR VPTs from 01.07.2003 onwards (MARR-A)

3. Agreement No.30-107/2002-USF dated 19.03.2004 for replacement of MARR VPTs INSTALLED UPTO 30.06.2003 WITH M/s BSNL (MARR-B)

4. Agreement No.30-133/2004-USF dated 30.09.2004 for installation of RCPs with with M/s. BSNL (RCP)

5. Agreement No.30-130/2004-USF dated 10.11.2004 for provision of VPTs in Revenue villages as per 1991 Census with with M/s. BSNL (VPT-I)

6. Agreement No.30-140/2004-USF dated 15.03.2005 with M/s. BSNL for provision of Rural household DELs in specified SDCAs during the period 01.04.2005 to 31.03.2007 which were further extended thrice till the completion of validity period of the agreement i.e. upto 31.03.2010 (RHDEL-A) & (RHDEL-X)

7. Agreement No.30-145/2004-USF dated 03.05.2005 with M/s. BSNL for provision & maintenance of Rural household DELs from 01.04.2002 TO 31.03.2005 with a validity period of 8 years with M/s BSNL (RHDEL-B)

8. Agreement No.30-145/2004-USF dated 26.08.2005 for provision & maintenance of Rural household DELs in specified SDCAs of the state with Reliance Telecom (RHDEL-B)

9. Agreement No.30-148/2007-USF (Part-A) dated 14.05.2007 with M/s. BSNL for provision of mobile infrastructure sites (IP)

10. Agreement No.30-143/2007-USF (Part-A) dated 15.05.2007 with M/s. NITL (now KEC International Ltd.) for provision of mobile infrastructure sites (IP)

11. Agreement No.30-148/2007-USF (Part-BII) dated 16.05.2007 with M/s. RCL for providing Mobile Telephone connections in uncovered areas (USP in IP Project)

12. Agreement No.30-148/2007-USF (Part-BII) dated 18.05.2007 with M/s. BTA Cellcom Ltd. for provision of Mobile Telephone connections in uncovered areas (USP in IP Project)

13. Agreement No.30-148/2007-USF (Part-BII) dated 16.05.2007 with M/s. RTL for provision of Mobile Telephone connections in uncovered areas (USP in IP Project)

14. Agreement No.30-148/2007-USF (Part-BII) dated 16.05.2007 with M/s. BSNL for provision of Mobile Telephone connections in uncovered areas (USP in IP Project)

15. Agreement No.30-160-8/WIRELINE-BB/2006-USF/2002-USF dated 20.01.2009 with M/s. BSNL for provision of Rural Broadband connections from identified rural telephone exchanges in the state (WL-BB)

16. Agreement No.30-131/2008-USF dated 27.02.2009 for provision of VPTs in the Revenue Villages in accordance with 2001 Census (VPT-II)

17. Agreement No.30-170/2009-USF dated 29.04.2010 for Solar Mobile Charging facility with M/s TERI, New Delhi. An amount of about Rs. 203 Crores was disbursed as USO subsidy till 31.03.2013 for enhancing the telecom network strength in the remote & rural areas of the state.

Cash & Bank Management
Consequent upon corporatization of the operational functions of erstwhile DoT/DTS/DTO, a separate set of accounting units with new RBI accounting codes were created in October 2000. The Accounting units were upgraded to Circles by merging the smaller units with delineation of accounting functions of the units specifically with additional responsibilities to collect revenue from the telecom service providers. RBI as banker to Govt. of India was functioning as Banker to the Circle till October 2009 when the retail banking functions were shifted to SBI, eventhough 24 other PSU banks are involved in Bank management aspect of the Circle as Pension is being disbursed through all the Public Sector Banks. The drawals are mostly related to Govt. expenditure on terminal benefits to the retirees, release of subsidy to Universal Service Providers, expenses of Circle including the non-cheque drawing DDO units attached to the Circle and Inter-Circle Cash transactions. The receipts include telecom revenue from different service providers, negative subsidy from Universal Service Providers and remittances from BSNL on account, of PC, LSC, Loans & Advances and Public Accounts deposits.

GPF/ Broadsheet Management
CCAs have been authorized to maintain General Provident Fund Accounts of BSNL employees which involves crediting GPF recoveries of the Corporate employees to the Public Accounts of Govt. and debiting Public Accounts whenever BSNL employees withdraw their balances or final payment of GPF savings to the retiring employees is done, maintenance of GPF Broadsheets and settlement of Accounts with BSNL. In addition to the functions of maintaining GPF Accounts of BSNL Employees, Broadsheets of the Loans & Advances given to BSNL employees during the erstwhile DoT period are also maintained alongwith the recovered Pension Contribution and Leave Salary Contribution of the Corporate Employees.

The Organization was carved out from the pre-existing Telecom Accounts Unit of erstwhile Madhya Pradesh Telecom Circle with a limited manpower strength of 97.